City of Malmö, Sweden
|Number of inhabitants:||300,515|
|Population density:||897 inhabitants /km²|
Malmö is the third-largest city in Sweden. The city has undergone a transition from an industrial city to a city with increasing population and workplaces within moving media, life sciences, education etc. The Öresund bridge with the proximity to Copenhagen and the start of a university in Malmö are important factors for this change. In the main city a bus network with more than 180 buses and a high service frequency is in place. Around 34 million passengers are transported each year. Malmö is also a central point in the regional train and bus system with another 26 million passengers each year. The new City tunnel has improved the capacity of the railway system with its two new city stations. Malmö has around 450 kilometres of cycle ways. Modal split: walking 20 %, cycling 23 %, public transport 14 %, individual car transport 41%.
Even though the share of walking and cycling is high, there are still many trips made by car. When adding the commuters from surrounding municipalities the car traffic reaches high levels, causing not only noise and air quality problems (NOx) but also congestion and traffic safety problems. A rapid growth of the city and its population constitutes a major challenge with regard to urban/traffic planning that enhances sustainable transports and mobility.
Comprehensive plan (under development): aiming for a dense, green and sustainable city. Environmental program & energy strategy: by 2020 the city administration shall be carbon neutral and by 2030 the whole city shall rely solely on renewable energy. Traffic environment program: aiming for a clean, quiet, and energy efficient transport system enabling sustainable travel behaviour.
Improvements through ADVANCE
Improved knowledge and cooperation between planning departments involved in the urban planning process. Improved SUMP.